Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Comparative Study
. 2002 Jul;35(7):903-9.
doi: 10.1016/s0021-9290(02)00052-0.

Comparison of the Equilibrium Response of Articular Cartilage in Unconfined Compression, Confined Compression and Indentation

Affiliations
Comparative Study

Comparison of the Equilibrium Response of Articular Cartilage in Unconfined Compression, Confined Compression and Indentation

R K Korhonen et al. J Biomech. .

Abstract

At mechanical equilibrium, articular cartilage is usually characterized as an isotropic elastic material with no interstitial fluid flow. In this study, the equilibrium properties (Young's modulus, aggregate modulus and Poisson's ratio) of bovine humeral, patellar and femoral cartilage specimens (n=26) were investigated using unconfined compression, confined compression, and indentation tests. Optical measurements of the Poisson's ratio of cartilage were also carried out. Mean values of the Young's modulus (assessed from the unconfined compression test) were 0.80+/-0.33, 0.57+/-0.17 and 0.31+/-0.18MPa and of the Poisson's ratio (assessed from the optical test) 0.15+/-0.06, 0.16+/-0.05 and 0.21+/-0.05 for humeral, patellar, and femoral cartilages, respectively. The indentation tests showed 30-79% (p<0.01) higher Young's modulus values than the unconfined compression tests. In indentation, values of the Young's modulus were independent of the indenter diameter only in the humeral cartilage. The mean values of the Poisson's ratio, obtained indirectly using the mathematical relation between the Young's modulus and the aggregate modulus in isotropic material, were 0.16+/-0.06, 0.21+/-0.05, and 0.26+/-0.08 for humeral, patellar, and femoral cartilages, respectively. We conclude that the values of the elastic parameters of the cartilage are dependent on the measurement technique in use. Based on the similar values of Poisson's ratios, as determined directly or indirectly, the equilibrium response of articular cartilage under unconfined and confined compression is satisfactorily described by the isotropic elastic model. However, values of the isotropic Young's modulus obtained from the in situ indentation tests are higher than those obtained from the in vitro unconfined or confined compression tests and may depend on the indenter size in use.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 67 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback