Nutritional impact of pre- and probiotics as protective gastrointestinal organisms

Annu Rev Nutr. 2002;22:107-38. doi: 10.1146/annurev.nutr.22.110901.145412. Epub 2002 Jan 4.

Abstract

The health benefits of pre- and probiotics have been the subject of increased research interests. These food supplements have been demonstrated to alter the pre-existing intestinal flora so as to provide an advantage to the host. This review focuses on the scientific evidence both for and against their role in promoting health and treating disease. Specific attention is turned to their effects on immunomodulation, lipid metabolism, cancer prevention, diarrhea, Helicobacter pylori, necrotizing enterocolitis, allergy, and inflammatory bowel disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diarrhea / prevention & control
  • Diarrhea / therapy
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Enterocolitis, Necrotizing / prevention & control
  • Enterocolitis, Necrotizing / therapy
  • Gastrointestinal Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Health Promotion
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Humans
  • Hypersensitivity / prevention & control
  • Hypersensitivity / therapy
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / prevention & control
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / therapy
  • Intestinal Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Intestinal Diseases / therapy
  • Intestines / microbiology
  • Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Neoplasms / therapy
  • Probiotics / therapeutic use*
  • Protective Agents / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Gastrointestinal Agents
  • Protective Agents