Intra- and intermolecular interactions in sucrose transporters at the plasma membrane detected by the split-ubiquitin system and functional assays

Structure. 2002 Jun;10(6):763-72. doi: 10.1016/s0969-2126(02)00773-6.


Interaction of two separately expressed halves of sucrose transporter SUT1 was detected by an optimized split-ubiquitin system. The halves reconstitute sucrose transport activity at the plasma membrane with affinities similar to the intact protein. The halves do not function independently, and an intact central loop is not required for membrane insertion, plasma membrane targeting, and transport. Under native conditions, the halves associate into higher molecular mass complexes. Furthermore, the N-terminal half of the low-affinity SUT2 interacts functionally with the C-terminal half of SUT1. Since the N terminus of SUT2 determines affinity for sucrose, the reconstituted chimera has lower affinity than SUT1. The split-ubiquitin system efficiently detects intramolecular interactions in membrane proteins, and can be used to dissect transporter structure.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Biological Assay / methods
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Membrane Transport Proteins / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Sucrose / metabolism*
  • Ubiquitin
  • Yeasts / genetics
  • Yeasts / metabolism


  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Plant Proteins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Ubiquitin
  • sucrose transport protein, plant
  • Sucrose