1-Pyrenebutanol (1-PB) has been used as a new fluorescent substrate for P450eryF to explore the molecular mechanisms of cooperativity. Hydroxylation of 1-PB by P450eryF was detected by both fluorometric and chromatographic assays. Binding was monitored by a substrate-induced low-to-high spin shift, as well as by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) from 1-PB to the heme. Spectrophotometric titration showed that P450eryF has high affinity for 1-PB with distinct positive cooperativity (S(50) = 12.4 +/- 2.2 microM, n = 2.3 +/- 0.6), as also revealed in activity measurements. FRET analysis showed a different binding process obeying a simple bimolecular mechanism with a K(D) = 2.15 +/- 0.8 microM that suggests the presence of the higher affinity binding site. 1-PB binding at this site appears not to modulate the spin state directly but rather to facilitate the spin shift caused by the interactions of P450eryF with the other substrate molecule.
(c) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).