Phytotherapy of Chronic Dermatitis and Pruritus of Dogs With a Topical Preparation Containing Tea Tree Oil (Bogaskin)

Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2002 May;144(5):223-31. doi: 10.1024/0036-7281.144.5.223.

Abstract

Localised dermatitis, for example unspecific eczema or skinfold pyoderma, is a very common diagnosis in dogs. Typical and impressive complaints are pruritus, erythema, erosion and oozing surface. With respect to the underlying disease dermatological treatment is indicated, usually based on antimicrobial and antipruriginous active substances, it can include transient glucocorticoids. An effective and safe alternative might be a phytotherapeutic topical preparation containing tea tree oil. Tea tree oil exerts both antimicrobial and antipruriginous effects. In an open multicenter study efficacy and safety of a standardized 10% tea tree oil cream applied thinly and twice daily for 4 weeks was tested in 53 dogs with chronic dermatitis, particularly non-specific eczema, allergic dermatitis, interdigital pyoderma, acral lick dermatitis and skinfold pyoderma. Analysis of efficacy assessed by investigating veterinarians showed a good or very good response to treatment for 82% of the dogs, significant at a 5% level (p = 0.05). At the end of the study a strong and significant reduction (p = 0.001) as well as disappearance of major symptoms were observed. Only two adverse events (local reactions) possibly related to tea tree oil occurred during therapy. Consequently the tested study medication (Bogaskin) can be considered an alternative for uncomplicated and localised dermatitis in dogs. Bogaskin might allow reduction of other pharmaceutical products, perhaps even replace standard therapy.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Topical
  • Animals
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local / adverse effects
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local / therapeutic use*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Dermatitis / drug therapy
  • Dermatitis / veterinary*
  • Dog Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Dogs
  • Myrtaceae*
  • Phytotherapy*
  • Pruritus / drug therapy
  • Pruritus / veterinary*
  • Tea Tree Oil / adverse effects
  • Tea Tree Oil / therapeutic use*
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
  • Tea Tree Oil