Guidelines on bladder cancer

Eur Urol. 2002 Feb;41(2):105-12. doi: 10.1016/s0302-2838(01)00026-4.


Objectives: On behalf of the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines for diagnosis, therapy and follow-up of bladder cancer patients were established. Criteria for recommendations were evidence based, and included aspects of cost-effectiveness and clinical feasibility.

Method: A systematic literature research using Medline Services was conducted. References were weighted by a panel of experts.

Results: TNM 1997 classification and WHO grading 1998 are recommended. Recommendations are developed for diagnosis for bladder cancer in general, treatment of superficial and infiltrative bladder cancer, and follow-up after different types of treatment modalities, such as intravesical instillations, radical cystectomy, urinary diversions, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

Publication types

  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Observer Variation
  • Patient Care / standards
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / therapy*