Isotopic ratio of 129I/127I in seaweed measured by neutron activation analysis with gamma-gamma coincidence

Health Phys. 2002 Jul;83(1):110-3. doi: 10.1097/00004032-200207000-00013.


129I is a long-lived (1.6 x 10(7) y) radionuclide that is produced in nature as the result of spontaneous fission of heavy elements and reaction of xenon with cosmic rays. Recently, however, artificial sources from nuclear power plants and nuclear test explosions have become a significant component of environmental radioactive iodine. Coincidence gamma-ray detection using Ge detectors makes it possible to simultaneously resolve the numerous gamma-rays produced by neutron activation. In this study, the coincidence gamma-ray detection technique was combined with neutron activation analysis to determine the radioactive iodine composition of seaweed. The ratio of 129I/127I in this common Japanese food item collected from the Ibaraki prefecture has been derived without the need for radiochemical purification. The isotopic ratio of 129I/127I in Kajime algae is 3.5(5) x 10(-10).

MeSH terms

  • Gamma Rays
  • Iodine Isotopes / analysis*
  • Iodine Radioisotopes / analysis*
  • Neutron Activation Analysis / methods
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Seaweed / chemistry*


  • Iodine Isotopes
  • Iodine Radioisotopes