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. 2002 Feb;109(2):123-40.
doi: 10.1007/s007020200009.

The Actions of a D-1 Agonist in MPTP Treated Primates Show Dependence on Both D-1 and D-2 Receptor Function and Tolerance on Repeated Administration

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The Actions of a D-1 Agonist in MPTP Treated Primates Show Dependence on Both D-1 and D-2 Receptor Function and Tolerance on Repeated Administration

L A Smith et al. J Neural Transm (Vienna). .

Abstract

The potent and long acting D-1 receptor agonist, A-77636 reverses motor deficits in MPTP treated common marmosets following subcutaneous or oral administration. We now explore the effects of acute versus repeated administration of A-77636 and the relative roles of D-1 and D-2 receptor involvement in its antiparkinsonian actions. Acute oral administration (0.18-9.0 mg/kg) or subcutaneous administration (0.036-1.08 mg/kg) of A-77636 produced well co-ordinated bouts of discontinuous locomotor activity. There was no evidence of repetitive or stereotyped movements. However, oral administration of A-77636 (1.44 mg/kg) on alternate days for 10 days produced tolerance to the increase in locomotor activity and improvement of disability. Pretreatment with the D-1 antagonist SCH 23390 (0.625, 2.5 or 5.0 mg/kg, intraperitoneally), produced a dose dependent reduction in locomotor activity and antagonised the reduction in disability scores following administration of A-77636 (0.36 mg/kg, subcutaneously). The inhibitory effects of SCH 23390 lasted for some 2-5 hours after which the activity of A-77636 was gradually restored. Unexpectedly, pretreatment with the D-2 antagonist raclopride (1.25, 5.0 or 20.0 mg/kg, intraperitoneally), dramatically diminished the antiparkinsonian effects of A-77636 (0.36 mg/kg, subcutaneously) in a dose dependent manner. The dependence of the antiparkinsonian activity of A-77636 on intact D-2 receptor function, suggests a need for endogenous D-2 receptor tone to express D-1 mediated locomotor activity.

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