Olmesartan medoxomil is a nonpeptide angiotensin II receptor antagonist which selectively and competitively inhibits the type 1 angiotensin II receptor without affecting other receptors regulating the cardiovascular system. In well designed randomised trials, olmesartan medoxomil was significantly more effective than placebo, and at dosages of 10 to 20 mg/day was at least as effective as atenolol 50 to 100 mg/day in reducing diastolic blood pressure (DBP). At dosages of 5 to 20 mg/day, olmesartan medoxomil was more effective than captopril 12.5 to 50mg twice daily at lowering seated DBP in patients with mild to moderate hypertension in a dose titration study. Reductions in seated DBP were greater with olmesartan medoxomil 10 to 20 mg/day than losartan 50 to 100 mg/day. Olmesartan medoxomil at 20 mg/day was more effective in lowering seated DBP than losartan 50 mg/day, valsartan 80 mg/day or irbesartan 150 mg/day, and was more efficacious than losartan 50 mg/day or valsartan 80 mg/day at reducing 24-hour ambulatory systolic blood pressure. Olmesartan medoxomil has shown no clinically important pharmacokinetic interactions with digoxin, warfarin or antacid (aluminium magnesium hydroxide). Adverse events were infrequent in clinical studies of olmesartan medoxomil and were similar to those attributed to placebo. With olmesartan medoxomil, the frequency of dizziness was higher than with placebo but similar to that occurring with losartan, valsartan and irbesartan.