Background/aims: It is suggested that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved in tumor development and fibrogenesis. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of RAS inhibition on the liver enzyme-altered preneoplastic lesions and fibrosis development.
Methods: The effects of the clinically used angiotensin-I converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I), perindopril (PE), on two different rat model of liver carcinogenesis models induced separately by diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and a choline-deficient L-amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet were studied. This CDAA model was also used to elucidate the effect of PE on liver fibrosis development.
Results: The immunohistochemical evaluation revealed that the glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P), and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT)-positive preneoplastic foci significantly decreased in the livers of the PE-treated groups. In CDAA-induced liver fibrosis model, PE revealed a marked inhibitory effect of liver fibrosis development. The hepatic hydroxyproline, serum fibrosis markers, alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) immunopositive cells in number, and alpha-(III) pro-collagen mRNA expression were significantly suppressed by PE treatment. These inhibitory effects of PE were achieved even at a clinically comparable dose (2 mg/kg per day).
Conclusions: These results suggested that the RAS is involved in liver carcinogenesis and fibrosis development.