Neuromuscular performance limitations in cold

Int J Circumpolar Health. 2002 May;61(2):154-62. doi: 10.3402/ijch.v61i2.17448.


This review will focus on the effects of cooling on muscular performance and its variables, functional properties of the muscles and some neural aspects of muscle function. The changes are described in terms of different cold exposures with varying intensity, therefore also looking at the dose dependent relationship between cooling and performance decrement. In addition, relationship between rewarming exercise and performance enhancement is described. Future research needs are addressed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena*
  • Cold Temperature / adverse effects*
  • Electromyography
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Finland
  • Humans
  • Muscle Contraction / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*