Human milk reduces outpatient upper respiratory symptoms in premature infants during their first year of life

J Perinatol. Jul-Aug 2002;22(5):354-9. doi: 10.1038/sj.jp.7210742.

Abstract

Objective: To determine if ingestion of human milk after discharge reduces symptoms of infections in premature infants.

Study design: Follow-up of 39 infants with birth weights <2000 g, 24 of whom received any amount of human milk and 15 of whom received only formula after discharge, was carried out. Mothers were given a calendar on which they recorded any signs of infections and feeding and day-care information. Data were collected at 1 month after discharge and at 3, 7, and 12 months corrected age.

Results: Results show no differences between groups in birth weight, gestation, gender, maternal age, parental tobacco use, number of siblings, and day-care attendance. Socioeconomic status score was higher in the human milk group. Infants who received human milk had fewer days of upper respiratory symptoms at 1 month after discharge (p<0.025) and at 7 months corrected age (p<0.025).

Conclusion: Ingestion of human milk post discharge is associated with a reduction of upper respiratory symptoms in premature infants during their first year of life.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ambulatory Care
  • Breast Feeding
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant Food
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Milk, Human*
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / epidemiology*
  • Social Class