Sex differences in p-aminohippuric acid transport in rat kidney: role of membrane fluidity and expression of OAT1

Mol Cell Biochem. 2002 Apr;233(1-2):175-9. doi: 10.1023/a:1015563021602.


Sex differences in the kinetic parameters of p-aminohippuric acid (PAH) transport in brush border (BBMV) and basolateral (BLMV) membrane vesicles from kidney cortex have been observed. Membrane fluidity of BBMV was higher in females as compared with male rats as indicated by anisotropy values (0.1897 +/- 0.0010 vs. 0.2003 +/- 0.0014, p < 0.05, for females and males respectively). Membrane fluidity of BLMV were similar in both sexes. Western blot studies revealed that OAT1 protein in female BLMV was present at only 40% of level found in BLMV from male rats. The lower expression of OAT1 in BLMV in association with the higher BBMV fluidity (which may affect the affinity of PAH transporter in this membrane domain) observed in females may be responsible, at least in part, for the gender difference described in renal PAH secretion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Basement Membrane / metabolism
  • Biological Transport
  • Female
  • Fluorescence Polarization
  • Immunoblotting
  • Kidney Cortex / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Membrane Fluidity
  • Microvilli / metabolism
  • Organic Anion Transport Protein 1 / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Sex Factors
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / metabolism
  • p-Aminohippuric Acid / metabolism*


  • Organic Anion Transport Protein 1
  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase
  • p-Aminohippuric Acid