Epigenetic marks at BRCA1 and p53 coding sequences in early human embryogenesis

Mol Hum Reprod. 2002 Jul;8(7):630-5. doi: 10.1093/molehr/8.7.630.


In the vertebrate genome, methylation of deoxycytosine residues of CpGs dinucleotide has been associated with transcriptional silencing of genes, parental imprinting, X-inactivation and chromatin remodelling. In human somatic tissues, the 5' end of the BRCA1 CpG island is methylated, whereas this region is unmethylated in mature germ cells and early embryos. In gametes, as in somatic tissues, the CpG sites in the coding region are methylated. We took advantage of this bimodal distribution as a model to analyse the epigenetic reprogramming of coding regions during early human embryogenesis using the bisulphite-based genomic sequencing method. During preimplantation divisions, exon 11 of BRCA1 was slowly demethylated and retained approximately 30% of its methylated residues at the blastocyst stage. Moreover, the change in the distribution of methylated residues was not restricted to the BRCA1 gene, since for another gene, p53, a relatively high level of methylation (50%) of exon 4 was observed in blastocysts. Taken together, these data suggest that a significant part of the methylated residues of coding sequences might be conserved during preimplantation development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blastocyst / metabolism*
  • CpG Islands / genetics
  • DNA Methylation*
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development / genetics
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Genes, BRCA1*
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Oocytes / metabolism
  • Spermatozoa / metabolism
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics*


  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53