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Comparative Study
, 192 (1-2), 147-56

MT(1) Melatonin Receptor Overexpression Enhances the Growth Suppressive Effect of Melatonin in Human Breast Cancer Cells

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Comparative Study

MT(1) Melatonin Receptor Overexpression Enhances the Growth Suppressive Effect of Melatonin in Human Breast Cancer Cells

Lin Yuan et al. Mol Cell Endocrinol.

Abstract

Melatonin inhibits the proliferation of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)-positive (MCF-7), but not ERalpha-negative (MDA-MB-231) breast cancer cells. Here, we assessed the effect of MT(1) melatonin receptor stable overexpression in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells on the growth-suppressive effects of melatonin. Parental and vector-transfected MCF-7 cells demonstrated a modest, but significant, growth-suppressive response to melatonin; however, melatonin treatment of MT(1)-transfected MCF-7 cells resulted in significantly enhanced growth-suppression. This response was blocked by an MT1/MT2 melatonin receptor antagonist. Interestingly, MT(1)-overexpression did not induce a melatonin-sensitive phenotype in melatonin-insensitive MDA-MB-231 cells. Finally, Northern blot analysis demonstrated an enhanced inhibition of ERalpha mRNA expression and an enhanced induction of pancreatic spasmolytic polypeptide (pS2) by melatonin in MT(1)-transfected MCF-7 cells relative to vector-transfected MCF-7 cells. These data suggest the involvement of the MT(1) melatonin receptor in mediation of melatonin effects on growth-suppression and gene-modulation in breast cancer cells.

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