Validation of left ventricular function from gated single photon computed emission tomography by using a scintillator-photodiode camera: a dynamic myocardial phantom study

Nucl Med Commun. 2002 Jul;23(7):639-43. doi: 10.1097/00006231-200207000-00008.


A scintillator-photodiode camera is able to acquire single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images by using a rotating chair system. We validated the left ventricular (LV) parameters of this camera system utilizing a dynamic myocardial phantom. Gated myocardial SPECT of a dynamic myocardial phantom (Hokkaido University type; end diastolic volume (EDV), 143 ml; end systolic volume (ESV), 107 ml; ejection fraction (EF), 25%) was performed with this scintillation camera. LV parameters were calculated using pre-installed software (Mirage Myocardial Perfusion SPECT) (study 1) and the other software (QGS; Cedars-Sinai) (study 2). For comparison, SPECT from a traditional Anger camera were processed by the QGS software (study 3). The estimated volumes were similar among the three studies (EDV, 110+/-8 ml in study 1, 112+/-2 ml in study 2 and 111+/-1 ml in study 3; ESV, 86+/-8 ml in study 1, 93+/-4 ml in study 2 and 91+/-2 ml in study 3). The estimated EFs were 23+/-3%, 17+/-2%, and 18+/-1%, respectively. The calculated volume within each study was underestimated by approximately the same degree. However, each estimated EF value for each study was close to the actual value. The estimated LV function using the scintillator-photodiode camera system may be considered as a suitable alternative to the traditional Anger camera system.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Equipment Design
  • Gated Blood-Pool Imaging / instrumentation*
  • Gated Blood-Pool Imaging / methods
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Semiconductors
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Stroke Volume / physiology
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon / instrumentation*
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon / methods
  • Ventricular Function*
  • Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*