Distribution of Legionella species and serogroups isolated by culture in patients with sporadic community-acquired legionellosis: an international collaborative survey

J Infect Dis. 2002 Jul 1;186(1):127-8. doi: 10.1086/341087. Epub 2002 May 21.

Abstract

This international collaborative survey identified culture-confirmed legionellosis in 508 patients with sporadic community-acquired legionellosis. Legionella pneumophila constituted 91.5% of the isolates. Serogroup 1 was the predominant serogroup (84.2%), and serogroups 2-13 (7.4%) accounted for the remaining serogroups. The Legionella species most commonly isolated were L. longbeachae (3.9%) and L. bozemanii (2.4%), followed by L. micdadei, L. dumoffii, L. feeleii, L. wadsworthii, and L. anisa (2.2% combined). L. longbeachae constituted 30.4% of the community-acquired Legionella isolates in Australia and New Zealand.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Australia
  • Community-Acquired Infections / microbiology
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Legionella / classification
  • Legionella / isolation & purification*
  • Legionella pneumophila / classification
  • Legionella pneumophila / isolation & purification
  • Legionellosis / microbiology*
  • New Zealand
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Serotyping
  • Switzerland
  • United States