Behavioral research in HIV/AIDS primary and secondary prevention: recent advances and future directions

J Consult Clin Psychol. 2002 Jun;70(3):626-39.


Great advances have been made over the past decade in behavioral research on how to help persons avoid contracting HIV infections (primary prevention) and how to reduce or alleviate adverse consequences among persons who are living with HIV disease (secondary prevention). Within the primary prevention areas, research has shown the effectiveness of risk-reduction interventions undertaken with individuals, couples, small groups, communities, and at a social policy/structural level. Advances in HIV medical care have also created important new challenges and roles for behavioral scientists in the area of HIV secondary prevention. This article concludes by identifying key emerging issues in HIV behavioral research that will require attention in the years ahead.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome* / economics
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome* / prevention & control
  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Behavioral Medicine / economics
  • Behavioral Medicine / trends*
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Forecasting
  • HIV Seropositivity* / economics
  • Health Behavior*