Esophageal foreign bodies: a Jordanian experience

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2002 Jul 9;64(3):225-7. doi: 10.1016/s0165-5876(02)00113-1.


Objectives: To study the pattern of esophageal foreign bodies (FB) in Jordan and to compare it with other countries.

Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted on all patients (527) who were admitted with esophageal FB during a period of 9 years from January 1992 to January 2000. Two major referral hospitals were involved: the Princess Basma and Al-Bashir hospitals. A data sheet was constructed in which we included: name, age, gender, presenting symptoms, type and site of FB, technique of removal, and complications if present.

Results: Of the 527 patients 53% were male and 47% were female.77% were children under the age of 10 years. In children coins were by far the most common FB to be found in the esophagus (68%), while bones were the principal FB to be found in adults (8%). In 89%, the FB was found at the level of cricopharyngeal muscle. Drooling of saliva (72%), dysphagia (71%), and vomiting (24%) were the most commonly presenting symptoms. Both rigid esophagoscopy and Magill forceps techniques were used to remove the FB from the esophagus. The complication rate was 2% which included: esophageal perforation and mediastinitis, esophageal stenosis and esophageal erosions.

Conclusion: The pattern of esophageal FB in Jordan is not different from other countries.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Airway Obstruction / etiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Deglutition Disorders / etiology
  • Esophagoscopy / methods*
  • Esophagus*
  • Female
  • Foreign Bodies / complications
  • Foreign Bodies / diagnosis*
  • Foreign Bodies / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Jordan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies