Objective: We sought to assess outcome in patients with CDH and HD to determine if LHR is also predictive of outcome in this subset of patients.
Study design: We carried out a retrospective review (April 1996-October 2000) of patients with isolated CDH (n = 143, 82.2%) and patients with HD (n = 31, 17.8%) to determine the incidence of additional anomalies, survival to term, CDH repair, cardiac repair, and survival to discharge. Survival based on LHR was analyzed in a subset of fetuses.
Results: The risk of death from birth to last follow-up was 2.9 times higher for patients with CDH plus HD than for patients with CDH alone (P <.0001). Of 11 patients with CDH plus HD who had CDH repair (5 of whom also had HD repair), 5 survived. All 10 patients with an LHR <1.2 died; 3 of 6 with an LHR >1.2 survived (Fisher exact test, P =.04).
Conclusion: Heart disease remains a significant risk factor for death in infants with CDH. The LHR helps predict survival in this high-risk group of patients.