Hydatid lung disease (echinococcosis/hydatidosis)

Clin Chest Med. 2002 Jun;23(2):397-408, ix. doi: 10.1016/s0272-5231(02)00007-2.


Two Echinococcus species may exhibit medical relevance as causative agents of pulmonary forms of echinococcosis. Most importantly, infections with Echinococcus granulosus result in "cystic hydatid disease" or "cystic echinococcosis," which affects the lungs in a considerable ratio of cases. Echinococcus multilocularis, which causes "alveolar echinococcosis," affects the lungs relatively rarely and then usually upon metastasizing from primary hepatic lesions. Cystic echinococcus and alveolar echinococcus differ pathologically and clinically so greatly that they are considered separately in this article, although alveolar echinococcus is covered minimally because of its minor importance regarding lung infections.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Echinococcosis, Pulmonary* / diagnosis
  • Echinococcosis, Pulmonary* / parasitology
  • Echinococcosis, Pulmonary* / therapy
  • Echinococcus / pathogenicity*
  • Humans