Coordinating early kidney development: lessons from gene targeting

Nat Rev Genet. 2002 Jul;3(7):533-43. doi: 10.1038/nrg842.


The kidney is widely used to study the mechanisms of organogenesis. Its development involves fundamental processes, such as epithelial branching, induced morphogenesis and cytodifferentiation, which are common to the development of many other organs. Gene-targeting experiments have greatly improved our understanding of kidney development, and have revealed many important genes that regulate early kidney organogenesis, some of which have a role in inherited human kidney disorders. Although our understanding of how the kidney is assembled is still limited, these studies are beginning to provide insights into the genetic and cellular interactions that regulate early organogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Allantois / physiology
  • Animals
  • Chorion / physiology
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Gene Targeting / methods*
  • Genetic Markers
  • Humans
  • Kidney / enzymology*


  • Genetic Markers