In fission yeast, inactivation of the Cdc25 phosphatase by checkpoint kinases participates in the signaling cascade that temporarily stops cell cycle progression after DNA damage. In human, CDC25B and C are also known to be targeted by a similar checkpoint machinery. We have examined by homologous recombination, whether CDC25B and CDC25C were able to substitute for the function of fission yeast Cdc25. We demonstrate that (i) CDC25B and C efficiently replace Cdc25 for vegetative growth, (ii) CDC25C is able to restore a functional checkpoint in response to ionizing radiation in both a Chk1- and Cds1-dependent manner, (iii) CDC25B and C are equally efficient in the response to UV irradiation, CDC25B being only dependent on Chk1, while CDC25C depends on both Chk1 and Cds1, and (iv) CDC25C is able to restore a functional DNA replication checkpoint induced by hydroxyurea in a Cds1-dependent manner. The consequences of these findings on our current view of the checkpoint cascade are discussed.
(c) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).