Toll-like receptors: their role in allergy and non-allergic inflammatory disease

Clin Exp Allergy. 2002 Jul;32(7):984-9. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2745.2002.01451.x.


The human TLRs comprise an important and interesting group of receptors that regulate pathogen-related responses, and play as yet uncharacterized roles in the amplication of sterile inflammation. Signalling through these receptors, which are powerfully coupled in gene transcription processes, has powerful immunostimulatory and immunomodulatory effects. Exploitation of TLR signalling will probably lead to novel effective therapies for allergic disease, in the first instance through more efficient mechanisms of immunotherapy. The likelihood of adverse consequences of such treatments, though possible, may be minimized by use of conjugated vaccines.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CpG Islands
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Humans
  • Hypersensitivity / etiology*
  • Hypersensitivity / therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Inflammation / etiology*
  • Inflammation / therapy
  • Ligands
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors / physiology
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / physiology*
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / physiology*
  • Toll-Like Receptors


  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Ligands
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Toll-Like Receptors