Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a highly specific factor for vascular endothelial cells. Five VEGF-A isoforms (splice variants 121, 145, 165, 189 and 206) are generated as a result of alternative splicing from a single VEGF-A gene. These differ in their molecular weights and in biological properties such as their ability to bind to cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans. Deregulated VEGF-A expression contributes to the development of solid tumors by promoting tumor angiogenesis. More specifically, VEGF-A189 expression is related to angiogenesis and prognosis in certain human solid tumors. VEGF-A189 expression is also related to the xenotransplantability of human cancers into immunodeficient mice in vivo. Consequently, inhibition of VEGF-A or VEGF-A189 signaling regulates the development and metastasis of a variety of tumors. This review focuses on recent studies of the mechanisms by which VEGF-A regulates angiogenesis in the cancer stroma and on our recent findings concerning the potential mechanisms of VEGF-A189 expression on tumor growth and metastasis.