Aneuploidy, centrosome activity and chromosome instability in cells deficient in homologous recombination repair

Mutat Res. 2002 Jul 25;504(1-2):149-55. doi: 10.1016/s0027-5107(02)00088-x.


Chromosome instability and loss or gain of chromosomes are changes characteristic of many tumour cells and human disorders. However, the mechanism of these changes has not yet been fully determined. We have recently shown that hamster cell lines deficient in homologous recombination repair (HRR) genes XRCC2 and XRCC3 have an elevated frequency of aneuploidy compared with wild-type cells and mutant cells transfected with the appropriate human gene. In addition, XRCC2 and XRCC3 deficient hamster cell lines show a high frequency of multiple centrosomes and abnormal spindle formation. Cells deficient in HRR show a high frequency of both chromosome-type and chromatid-type aberrations, which could potentially lead to mis-segregation. The role of chromosome aberrations and other factors, including chromosome lagging, premature chromatid separation, and centrosome malfunctioning on chromosome mis-segregation in irs1 and irs1SF cells have been investigated. In particular, the linkage of DNA repair proteins with centrosomes suggests a key role for the centrosome in controlling cellular repair processes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aneuploidy*
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Centrosome / metabolism*
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • DNA Repair / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Humans
  • Recombination, Genetic / genetics*
  • Sister Chromatid Exchange / genetics
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • X-ray repair cross complementing protein 3
  • XRCC2 protein, human