Low-dose CT of the paranasal sinuses with eye lens protection: effect on image quality and radiation dose

Eur Radiol. 2002 Jul;12(7):1693-6. doi: 10.1007/s00330-001-1279-9. Epub 2002 Feb 2.


The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of lens protection on image quality and radiation dose to the eye lenses in CT of the paranasal sinuses. In 127 patients referred to rule out sinusitis, an axial spiral CT with a lens protection placed on the patients eyes was obtained (1.5/2/1, 50 mAs, 120 kV). Coronal views were reconstructed at 5-mm interval. To quantify a subjective impression of image quality, three regions of interest within the eyeball were plotted along a line perpendicular to the protection at 2, 5, and 9 mm beneath skin level on the axial images. Additionally, dose reduction of a bismuth-containing latex shield was measured using a film-dosimetry technique. The average eyeball density was 17.97 HU (SD 3.7 HU). The relative increase in CT density was 180.6 (17.7), 103.3 (11.7), and 53.6 HU (9.2), respectively. There was no diagnostic information loss on axial and coronal views observed. Artifacts were practically invisible on images viewed in a bone window/level setting. The use of the shield reduced skin radiation from 7.5 to 4.5 mGy. The utilization of a radioprotection to the eye lenses in paranasal CT is a suitable and effective means of reducing skin radiation by 40%.

MeSH terms

  • Artifacts
  • Eye Protective Devices*
  • Humans
  • Lens, Crystalline* / radiation effects
  • Paranasal Sinuses / diagnostic imaging*
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiation Protection*
  • Sinusitis / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*