Saccharomyces cerevisiae adapts to altered oxygen availability by differentially expressing a number of genes. Under aerobic conditions oxygen control of gene expression is exerted through the activator Hap1 and the repressor Rox1. The Hap1 transcription factor senses cellular heme status and increases expression of aerobic genes in response to oxygen. The repression of hypoxic genes under normoxic conditions results from Hap1-mediated activation of ROX1 transcription. To allow the identification of additional Hap1 and Rox1 target genes, genome-wide expression was analysed in aerobically, chemostat-cultivated hap1 and rox1 null mutants. The microarray results show that deletion of HAP1 causes a lower transcript level of 51 genes. Transcription of 40 genes was increased in rox1 mutant cells compared to wild-type cells. Combining these results with our previously described transcriptome data of aerobically and anaerobically grown cells and with computational analysis of the promoters identified 24 genes that are potentially regulated by Hap1, and 38 genes satisfied the criteria of being direct targets of Rox1. In addition, this work provides further evidence that Rox1 controls transcription of anaerobic genes through repression under normoxic conditions.
Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.