Expression of the human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 E6 and E7 gene products is a risk factor for human cervical carcinogenesis as well as skin and oral carcinogenesis. Expression of the HPV-16 E7 gene in mouse skin induces hyperplasia and enhances tumor promotion. Expression of dominant-negative c-jun (TAM67) in the mouse skin protects mice from 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)/12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced papillomagenesis without blocking mitogen-induced hyperproliferation. To determine the role of activator protein-1 (AP-1) in HPV-induced cancer, we crossed HPV-16 E7 mice with TAM67 mice and analyzed the effects of DMBA/TPA on tumor promotion. We showed that expression of TAM67 protected mice from HPV-16 E7-enhanced tumorigenesis, suggesting AP-1 as a target for prevention of HPV-induced cancer.
Published 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.