PET and [(11)C]CP-126,998, an N-benzylpiperidinebenzisoxazole, were used to image brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) distribution in healthy controls before and after administration of 5 mg donepezil p.o., a reversible AChE inhibitor. Logan plots were used to compute distribution volumes (V(T)). The V(T) of [(11)C]CP-126,998 was highest in the basal ganglia and cerebellum and lowest in the cerebral cortex, thalamus, amygdala, and hippocampus. The regional V(T) values correlated well with AChE concentration measured in vitro. Donepezil, given 4 h before PET scanning, induced a substantial inhibition of [(11)C]CP-126,998 binding (43-62%) in all brain regions when compared to the baseline PET study. The results of this study indicate that PET imaging of [(11)C]CP-126,998 may be useful in quantifying the distribution of regional brain AChE. This new PET radiotracer may potentially be employed in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with disorders of cholinergic neurotransmission, such as Alzheimer's disease.
Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.