The SLC12A3 gene encodes the thiazide-sensitive Na-Cl co-transporter (NCCT) expressed in the apical membrane of the distal convoluted tubule of the kidney. Inactivating mutations of this gene are responsible for Gitelman syndrome (GS), a disorder inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. We searched for SLC12A3 gene mutations in 21 Italian patients with the clinical and biochemical features of GS (hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypocalciuria, and the absence of nephrocalcinosis). All coding regions with their intron-exon boundaries were analyzed using PCR and SSCP techniques followed by sequencing analysis. We identified 21 different mutations evenly distributed throughout the gene without any mutation hot-spot. Fifteen are novel variants, including 12 missense mutations, one deletion, one deletion-insertion and one splice site mutation: R158Q, T163M, W172R, G316V, G374V, G463E, A464T, S615W, V677M, R852S, R958G, C985Y, 2114-2120delACCAAGT, 2144-2158delGCCTTCTACTCGGATinsTG, and 531-2A>G.
Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.