Adiponectin and development of type 2 diabetes in the Pima Indian population

Lancet. 2002 Jul 6;360(9326):57-8. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(02)09335-2.


Adiponectin is a collagen-like circulating protein secreted by adipocytes that is proposed to mediate obesity-related resistance to insulin. In a case-control series, we assessed the role of adiponectin in later development of type 2 diabetes in 70 patients who later developed type 2 diabetes and 70 controls, matched for body-mass index, age, and sex. Cases and controls were taken from the longitudinal study of health in the Pima Indian population. At baseline, the concentration of adiponectin was lower in cases than in controls (p=0.01) and individuals with high concentrations of this protein were less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those with low concentrations (incidence rate ratio 0.63 [95% CI 0.43-0.92]; p=0.02).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adiponectin
  • Adipose Tissue / metabolism
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Arizona / epidemiology
  • Blood Glucose
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / etiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Indians, North American*
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins*
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Proteins / adverse effects
  • Proteins / physiology*
  • Sex Distribution


  • Adiponectin
  • Blood Glucose
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Proteins