Human immunodeficiency virus in correctional facilities: a review

Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Aug 1;35(3):305-12. doi: 10.1086/341418. Epub 2002 Jul 3.


It is estimated that up to one-fourth of the people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States pass through a correctional facility each year. The majority of persons who enter a correctional facility today will return home in the near future. Most inmates with HIV infection acquire it in the outside community; prison does not seem to be an amplifying reservoir. How correctional health services deal with the HIV-infected person has important implications to the overall care of HIV-infected people in the community. Routine HIV testing is well accepted. Combination antiretroviral therapy has been associated with a reduction in mortality in prisons. A link between area HIV specialists and correctional health care providers is an important partnership for ensuring that HIV-infected patients have optimal care both inside prison and after release.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Community Health Services
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • HIV Infections / drug therapy
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • HIV Infections / virology
  • HIV*
  • Humans
  • Prisoners*
  • Prisons