We evaluated the associations of such lifestyle factors as alcohol drinking, coffee consumption and medical history with risk of death from pancreatic cancer in a large-scale prospective cohort study [the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study for Evaluation of Cancer Risk (JACC study)] in Japan. Subjects were 110,792 (46,465 men and 64,327 women) inhabitants who were enrolled from 45 areas throughout Japan. At baseline, a self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain information on lifestyle factors and medical history. Cox proportional hazard models were used to calculate relative risks. During the follow-up period (mean +/- SD 8.1 +/- 1.8 years), 225 deaths due to pancreatic cancer were identified. Overall, neither alcohol nor coffee intake was associated with risk of death from pancreatic cancer. Heavy coffee consumption (> or =4 cups/day), however, may increase the risk. Men who reported a history of diabetes mellitus and women who reported a history of gallstone/cholecystitis were at significantly (2-fold) increased risk of death from pancreatic cancer.
Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.