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Clinical Trial
, 13 (4), 149-57

Triclosan/pyrophosphate Dentifrice: Dental Plaque and Gingivitis Effects in a 6-month Randomized Controlled Clinical Study

Affiliations
  • PMID: 12116725
Clinical Trial

Triclosan/pyrophosphate Dentifrice: Dental Plaque and Gingivitis Effects in a 6-month Randomized Controlled Clinical Study

E Grossman et al. J Clin Dent.

Abstract

A double-blind, parallel, randomized and controlled clinical trial was conducted on 186 subjects over six months to assess the effects of a 0.28% triclosan/5% pyrophosphate (with NaF/silica) dentifrice on dental plaque and gingivitis as compared to a NaF/silica negative control dentifrice. An initial examination was performed to assess the health of the oral soft and hard tissues and to measure plaque (by Turesky modified Quigley-Hein Plaque Index), gingivitis (by Löe-Silness Gingival and Ainamo and Bay Gingival Bleeding [GBI] indices). Only those subjects with a GBI score > or = 5 were accepted into the study. Each enrolled subject received an oral prophylaxis and was requested to brush and floss twice per day with the negative control NaF/silica dentifrice. After one month, the subjects were recalled and a baseline examination was performed for each of the previously described parameters. Following the baseline examination, the subjects received another oral prophylaxis. The subjects were then separated by gender and by baseline GBI scores of < or = 7 or > 7 and arrayed by the changes in GBI bleeding sites from initial to baseline. Within strata, subjects were randomly assigned to brush twice per day with either the triclosan/pyrophosphate dentifrice or the negative control dentifrice. The subjects were subsequently examined for all of the above-described parameters following use of the test dentifrices for five weeks, three and six months. The data generated in this trial were analyzed using an analysis of covariance on all indices for all subjects completing the examinations. The results from this study demonstrated that the use of the triclosan/pyrophosphate dentifrice resulted in statistically significant reductions of dental plaque compared to the control by 10% (p < 0.05), 15.4% (p < 0.01) and 13.9% (p < 0.01) at five weeks, three and six months, respectively. However, there were no statistically significant differences between the test dentifrices for any of the gingivitis or gingival bleeding evaluations throughout the study. Based on 1) the fact that subjects possessed plaque-induced gingivitis in this clinical study, 2) the similarity in the magnitude of the plaque reductions observed from the triclosan/pyrophosphate dentifrice relative to those reported for other triclosan-containing dentifrices, 3) the similarity in the dose of triclosan relative to other triclosan dentifrices, and 4) the reported magnitude of gingivitis reductions from other triclosan-containing dentifrices, these findings were unexpected. Possible explanations of these results are that the triclosan/pyrophosphate dentifrice may be uniquely different from other triclosan dentifrices relative to its effects on gingivitis, or alternatively, the clinical design utilized here may not be optimized for triclosan/pyrophosphate dentifrice.

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