In recent years a number of neuroprostheses have been developed and used to assist stroke and spinal cord injured subjects to restore or improve grasping function. These neuroprostheses clearly demonstrated that the targeted group of subjects can significantly benefit from this technology and that functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a viable method for restoring or improving grasping function. In this article the FES technology is briefly explained and some of the better known neuroprostheses for grasping are discussed. Furthermore, a typical population of subjects that can benefit from this technology is indicated as well as the methodology to select and train these subjects to apply the neuroprosthesis in daily living activities. This article also provides a brief summary of the achieved results with the existing neuroprostheses for grasping and discusses some of the challenges this technology is currently facing.