Frasier syndrome is a rare human developmental disorder classically affecting 46,XY females and leading to male pseudohermaphroditism and chronic renal failure. We describe a family with both 46,XX and 46,XY females affected by the syndrome due to WT1 splice site mutations. The diagnosis of Frasier syndrome in 1 of the children led to the discovery of the syndrome in 2 other siblings, of whom 1 is asymptomatic. Since the mutation was not found in either parents, gonadal mosaicism was suggested. The implication of family screening for WT1 gene mutation in asymptomatic members is also discussed.
Copyright 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel