Angiogenesis modulation in cancer research: novel clinical approaches

Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2002 Jun;1(6):415-26. doi: 10.1038/nrd819.


Angiogenesis--the formation of new blood vessels--is essential for tumour progression and metastasis. Consequently, the modulation of tumour angiogenesis using novel agents has become a highly active area of investigation in cancer research, from the bench to the clinic. However, the great therapeutic potential of these agents has yet to be realized, which could, in part, be because the traditional strategies that are used in clinical trials for anticancer therapies are not appropriate for assessing the efficacy of agents that modulate angiogenesis. Here, we discuss methods for monitoring the biological activity of angiogenic modulators, and innovative approaches to trial design that might facilitate the integration of these agents into anticancer therapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neoplasms / blood supply*
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / drug therapy
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors