Positional distribution of CLA in TAG of lamb tissues

Lipids. 2002 Jun;37(6):605-11. doi: 10.1007/s11745-002-0939-6.

Abstract

The content and positional distribution of CLA in TAG fractions of lamb tissues was examined with either preformed CLA or the linoleic acid precursor of CLA in the diet as experimental treatments. The CLA content of phospholipid (PL) from these tissues was also examined. Thirteen lambs were randomized to the following dietary treatments: (i) control diet (no supplement); (ii) CLA supplementation (0.33 g d(-1) for 21 d prior to weaning) to milk-replacer of pre-ruminating lambs, or (iii) feeding linoleic acid-rich oil (6% safflower oil on a dry matter basis) to weaned ruminating lambs. At slaughter, tissue samples were procured from diaphragm, rib muscle, and subcutaneous (SC) adipose tissue. Safflower oil supplementation in the diet resulted in an increase in CLA content of the TAG from diaphragm, rib muscle, and SC adipose tissue by about threefold (P< 0.05) on a mol% basis. CLA was localized to the sn-1/3 positions of TAG. Animals that received pre-formed CLA, however, had increased proportions of CLA at the sn-2 position of TAG from SC adipose tissue, suggesting that there were tissue-specific dietary effects and possible age-related effects on the mode of FA incorporation into TAG. Safflower oil supplementation in the diet had no effect on the CLA content of PL from diaphragm, rib muscle, and SC adipose tissue, suggesting that CLA was preferentially incorporated into the TAG of these tissues.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatography, Thin Layer
  • Fatty Acids / analysis
  • Linoleic Acid / administration & dosage
  • Linoleic Acid / pharmacokinetics*
  • Plant Oils / analysis*
  • Safflower Oil / administration & dosage*
  • Sheep
  • Sunflower Oil
  • Tissue Distribution

Substances

  • Fatty Acids
  • Plant Oils
  • Sunflower Oil
  • Safflower Oil
  • Linoleic Acid