Retinal manifestations of ophthalmic artery hypoperfusion

Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2002 Aug;30(4):284-91. doi: 10.1046/j.1442-9071.2002.00543.x.


Ophthalmic artery hypoperfusion is a relatively uncommon clinical entity. This study illustrates the posterior segment findings of ophthalmic artery hypoperfusion in a series of nine patients. Colour photographs and relevant fluorescein angiograms highlighting the findings are shown. The retinal manifestations of ophthalmic artery hypoperfusion in this series of patients include midperipheral haemorrhages, dilated retinal veins, optic disk collaterals, optic disk neo-vascularization, cotton wool spots, grey intraretinal lesions, fundus pallor, optic disk swelling and choroidal infarcts. Recognition of the ophthalmic changes in this condition may lead to detection of carotid artery disease, the surgical and medical treatment of which has important bearing on patient management.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / complications*
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / diagnosis
  • Choroid Diseases / diagnosis
  • Choroid Diseases / etiology
  • Collateral Circulation
  • Female
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Humans
  • Ischemia / diagnosis
  • Ischemia / etiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ophthalmic Artery*
  • Optic Disk / blood supply
  • Optic Disk / pathology
  • Papilledema / diagnosis
  • Papilledema / etiology
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnosis
  • Retinal Diseases / etiology*
  • Retinal Neovascularization / diagnosis
  • Retinal Neovascularization / etiology
  • Retinal Vessels / pathology