Antiangiogenic mechanisms of diet-derived polyphenols

J Nutr Biochem. 2002 Jul;13(7):380-390. doi: 10.1016/s0955-2863(02)00204-8.


Accumulating evidence demonstrates that polyphenols in natural products are beneficial against human lethal diseases such as cancer and metastasis. The underlying mechanisms of anti-cancer effects are complex. Recent studies show that several polyphenols, including epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) in green tea and resveratrol in red wine, inhibit angiogenesis when administrated orally. These polyphenols have direct effects on suppression of angiogenesis in several standard animal angiogenesis models. Because angiogenesis is involved in many diseases such as cancer, diabetic retinopathy and chronic inflammations, the discovery of these polyphenols as angiogenesis inhibitors has shed light on the health beneficial mechanisms of natural products, which are rich in these molecules. At the molecular level, recent studies have provided important information on how these molecules inhibit endothelial cell growth. Perhaps the greatest therapeutic advantage of these small natural molecules over large protein compounds is that they can be administrated orally without causing severe side effects. It is anticipated that more polyphenols in natural products will be discovered as angiogenesis inhibitors and that these natural polyphenols could serve as leading structures in the discovery of more potent, synthetic angiogenesis inhibitors.