Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and somatostatin receptor scintigraphy for diagnosing and staging carcinoid tumours: correlations with the pathological indexes p53 and Ki-67

Nucl Med Commun. 2002 Aug;23(8):727-34. doi: 10.1097/00006231-200208000-00005.


We performed this study in order to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of whole-body fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) imaging and somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) for localizing primary carcinoid tumours and evaluating the extent of the disease. A secondary aim was to correlate those findings with the histological characteristics of the lesions. FDG PET was performed in 17 patients and SRS in 16. All patients had pathologically proven carcinoids. All lesions were verified by histopathological analysis or by follow-up. Ki-67 and p53 expression were assessed as an indicator of the tumours' aggressiveness. FDG PET correctly identified 4/7 primary tumours and 8/11 metastatic spreads, as compared to six and 10 respectively, for SRS. Most tumours were typical carcinoids with low Ki-67 expression. No correlation was found between the histological features and the tracer's uptake. We conclude that SRS remains the modality of choice for evaluating patients with carcinoid tumours, regardless of their proliferative activity. FDG PET should be reserved to patients with negative results on SRS.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis
  • Carcinoid Tumor / diagnosis
  • Carcinoid Tumor / diagnostic imaging*
  • Carcinoid Tumor / pathology*
  • Carcinoid Tumor / secondary
  • False Negative Reactions
  • Female
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18*
  • Humans
  • Ki-67 Antigen / analysis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnostic imaging
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Octreotide / analogs & derivatives*
  • Pentetic Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / analysis


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Ki-67 Antigen
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • SDZ 215-811
  • Pentetic Acid
  • Octreotide