The UMD-LDLR database: additions to the software and 490 new entries to the database

Hum Mutat. 2002 Aug;20(2):81-7. doi: 10.1002/humu.10102.


Mutations in the LDL receptor gene (LDLR) cause familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), one of the most frequent hereditary dominant disorders. The protein defect was identified in 1973, the gene was localized by in situ hybridization in 1985, and since, a growing number of mutations have been reported. The UMD-LDLR database is customized software that has been developed to list all mutations, and also to provide means to analyze them at the nucleotide and protein levels. The database has been recently modified to fulfill the recommendations of the Nomenclature Working Group for human gene mutations. However, in the current version, both the nomenclature and usual LDLR gene mutation names are reported since the latter are more commonly used. The software has also been modified to accommodate the splicing mutations and alleles that carry two nucleotide variations. The current version of UMD-LDLR contains 840 entries, of which 490 are new entries. Point mutations account for 90% of all mutations in the LDLR gene; the remaining are mostly major rearrangements, due to the presence of Alu sequences. Three new routines have been implemented in the software, thus giving users access to 13 sorting tools. In addition to the database, a Web site containing information about polymorphisms, major rearrangements, and promoter mutations is available. Both are accessible to the scientific community ( and should help groups working on LDLR to check their mutations and identify new ones, and greatly facilitate the understanding of functional classes/genotype relationships and of genotype/phenotype correlations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Databases, Genetic* / trends
  • Genes / genetics
  • Humans
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II / etiology
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II / genetics
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Receptors, LDL / genetics*
  • Software*
  • Terminology as Topic


  • Receptors, LDL