Acustimulation wristbands for the relief of chemotherapy-induced nausea

Altern Ther Health Med. Jul-Aug 2002;8(4):56-7, 59-63.

Abstract

Context: Substantial evidence suggests that acupuncture-point stimulation may be effective in controlling side effects of chemotherapy.

Objective: To examine the efficacy of an acustimulation wristband for the relief of chemotherapy-induced nausea.

Design: Randomized clinical trial using a 3-level crossover design.

Setting: Three outpatient oncology clinics in the northeastern United States.

Participants: Twenty-five women and 2 men who experienced moderate or more severe nausea following their first chemotherapy treatment.

Intervention: We compared active acustimulation of the Pericardium 6 (PC-6) point on the ventral surface of the wrist with sham acustimulation (a corresponding point on the posterior surface of the wrist). A control group received no acustimulation.

Outcome measures: Severity of nausea and quantity of antiemetic medication used.

Results: No statistically significant differences in average severity of nausea were observed between the 3 interventions. However, the data showed a difference close to statistical significance in the severity of delayed nausea reported during active acustimulation compared to no acustimulation (P <.06). In addition, patients took fewer antinausea pills during the active-acustimulation cycle of this experiment compared to the no-acustimulation phase (P < .05).

Conclusion: Findings on the efficacy of an acustimulation band for the control of chemotherapy-induced nausea are positive but not conclusive. These findings provide ample justification for further study of acustimulation in clinical oncology.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acupuncture Therapy* / instrumentation
  • Acupuncture Therapy* / methods
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Electroacupuncture / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Nausea / chemically induced
  • Nausea / therapy*
  • New England
  • Reference Values
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vomiting / chemically induced
  • Vomiting / therapy*
  • Wrist*

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents