Comparative genomic hybridization in glioma: a meta-analysis of 509 cases

Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2002 Jun;135(2):147-59. doi: 10.1016/s0165-4608(01)00650-1.


Much data about genetic imbalances in tumors have been accumulated by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). In order to distinguish between significantly and coincidentally involved regions in glioma by means of a meta-analysis, we summarized and analyzed the CGH results of 509 cases published in 26 reports between 1992 and 2001. The expansion of all aberrations to the 850-band level impressively visualized distinct patterns in astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, and ependymoma as well as loci of frequent aberrations. For example, in astrocytoma the frequency of gains culminated at 7p12, 8q24.1, and 12q13-q15 (the loci of EGF-R, C-MYC and CDK4, respectively) and losses at 9p21 (the locus of p15 and p16) and 10q23.3 where PTEN resides. Most chromosomes were variably prone to copy number changes at different scales of aberrations. At the whole chromosome level the analysis showed +7, -10 in astrocytoma and +9, +18 in ependymoma, but +20q, -9p in astrocytoma and +1q, -22q in ependymoma at the p-q arm level. Furthermore, we could confirm the correlation between the average number of copy alterations per patient (average number of copy alterations [ANCA] index) and malignancy for astrocytoma in a refined graduation as well as for oligodendroglioma. As a new parameter, the average number of affected GTG-bands per patient (average number of affected GTG bands [ANAG] index) showed an even more striking correlation with the World Health Organization grade for gains and losses.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Astrocytoma / genetics
  • Brain Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Chromosome Aberrations
  • Chromosome Banding
  • Ependymoma / genetics
  • Female
  • Glioma / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization*
  • Oligodendroglioma / genetics
  • Retrospective Studies