A prospective, randomized, pragmatic, health outcomes trial evaluating the incorporation of hylan G-F 20 into the treatment paradigm for patients with knee osteoarthritis (Part 1 of 2): clinical results

Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2002 Jul;10(7):506-17. doi: 10.1053/joca.2002.0798.


Objective: First, to assess the clinical effectiveness of hylan G-F 20 in an appropriate care treatment regimen (as defined by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1995 guidelines) as measured by validated disease-specific outcomes and health-related quality of life endpoints for patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Second, to utilize the measures of effectiveness and costs in an economic evaluation (see accompanying manuscript).

Design: A total of 255 patients with OA of the knee were enrolled by rheumatologists or orthopedic surgeons into a prospective, randomized, open-label, 1-year, multi-centred trial, conducted in Canada. Patients were randomized to 'Appropriate care with hylan G-F 20' (AC+H) or 'Appropriate care without hylan G-F 20' (AC). Data were collected at clinic visits (baseline, 12 months) and by telephone (1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 months).

Results: The AC+H group was superior to the AC group for all primary (% reduction in mean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain scale: 38% vs 13%,P =0.0001) and secondary effectiveness outcome measures. These differences were all statistically significant and exceeded the 20% difference between groups set a priori by the investigators as the minimum clinically important difference. Health-related quality of life improvements in the AC+H group were statistically superior for the WOMAC pain, stiffness and physical function (all P< 0.0001), the SF-36 aggregate physical component (P< 0.0001) and the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) overall health utility score (P< 0.0001). Safety (adverse events and patient global assessments of side effects) differences favoured the AC+H group.

Conclusion: The data presented here indicate that the provision to patients with knee OA of viscosupplementation with hylan G-F 20 within an appropriate care treatment regimen provides benefits in the knee, overall health and health related quality of life at reduced levels of co-therapy and systemic adverse reactions.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hyaluronic Acid / adverse effects
  • Hyaluronic Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • Hyaluronic Acid / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / drug therapy*
  • Pain Measurement
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Treatment Outcome


  • hylan
  • Hyaluronic Acid