Because of the ideal properties of technetium-99m for imaging, more methods have been developed for labelling peptides and other biomolecules with this radionuclide that any other. While few detailed comparative studies have been performed, it has become apparent that the use of different labelling procedures can exert a profound effect on the pattern of biodistribution after intravenous administration of the radiotracer. The most significant influence of the labelling method is on the rate and route of excretion of the radionuclide. While some procedures tend to direct excretion towards the hepatobiliary route, others tend to favour renal clearance. Although the factors which exert this influence are still not fully understood, it is clear that the charge, lipophilicity and stability of the technetium-peptide complexes play major roles. A greater understanding of these factors will allow the development of improved radiotracers which demonstrate improved targeting potential as a result of lower uptake and consequent radiation dose by normal tissues.