The neurology of eclampsia : some observations

Neurol India. 2002 Jun;50(2):128-35.


Nineteen patients admitted with diagnosis of eclampsia in a large general hospital between 1996 - 1999, were analyzed. Eight patients were referred to neurologists for assessment and management. All these patients had recurrent generalized seizures. Five patients developed visual disturbance. Neuroimaging (CT and/or MRI) revealed symmetrical occipital lesions in all. One patient had a large pontine lesion. Seizure control was achieved in all with intravenous phenytoin. All patients recovered fully without any residual neurological deficit and their radiological brain lesions resolved completely, in all except one case. The neurological manifestations and neuroimaging features in cases of eclampsia have been reviewed. A brief note on the pathogenesis of the cerebral lesions is included and the controversial aspect of seizure control in eclampsia highlighted.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Eclampsia / complications*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Nervous System Diseases / diagnosis
  • Nervous System Diseases / etiology*
  • Nervous System Diseases / therapy
  • Pregnancy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Seizures / etiology
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Vision Disorders / etiology