Identification of a nuclear Stat1 protein tyrosine phosphatase

Mol Cell Biol. 2002 Aug;22(16):5662-8. doi: 10.1128/MCB.22.16.5662-5668.2002.


Upon interferon (IFN) stimulation, Stat1 becomes tyrosine phosphorylated and translocates into the nucleus, where it binds to DNA to activate transcription. The activity of Stat1 is dependent on tyrosine phosphorylation, and its inactivation in the nucleus is accomplished by a previously unknown protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP). We have now purified a Stat1 PTP activity from HeLa cell nuclear extract and identified it as TC45, the nuclear isoform of the T-cell PTP (TC-PTP). TC45 can dephosphorylate Stat1 both in vitro and in vivo. Nuclear extracts lacking TC45 fail to dephosphorylate Stat1. Furthermore, the dephosphorylation of IFN-induced tyrosine-phosphorylated Stat1 is defective in TC-PTP-null mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and primary thymocytes. Reconstitution of TC-PTP-null MEFs with TC45, but not the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated isoform TC48, rescues the defect in Stat1 dephosphorylation. The dephosphorylation of Stat3, but not Stat5 or Stat6, is also affected in TC-PTP-null cells. Our results identify TC45 as a PTP responsible for the dephosphorylation of Stat1 in the nucleus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Fractionation
  • Cell Line
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Fibroblasts / drug effects
  • Fibroblasts / physiology
  • Humans
  • Interferon-gamma / pharmacology
  • Interleukin-2 / pharmacology
  • Isoenzymes / isolation & purification
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 2
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / genetics
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / isolation & purification
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / metabolism*
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Staurosporine / pharmacology
  • T-Lymphocytes / enzymology*
  • Thymus Gland / cytology
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Interleukin-2
  • Isoenzymes
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • STAT1 protein, human
  • Stat1 protein, mouse
  • Trans-Activators
  • Interferon-gamma
  • PTPN2 protein, human
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 2
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases
  • Ptpn2 protein, mouse
  • Staurosporine