Protease-activated receptors type 2 (PAR2) are activated by serine proteases like trypsin and mast cell tryptase. The function and physiological significance of PAR2 receptors is poorly understood, but recent studies suggest a role during inflammatory processes in both airways and intestine. PAR2 receptors are also likely to participate in the control of ion transport in these tissues. We demonstrate that stimulation of PAR2 in airways and intestine significantly enhanced ion transport. Trypsin induced Cl- secretion in both airways and intestine when added to the basolateral but not to the luminal side of these tissues. In both airways and intestine, stimulation of ion transport was largely dependent on the increase in intracellular Ca2+. Effects of trypsin were largely reduced by basolateral bumetanide and barium and by trypsin inhibitor. Thrombin, an activator of proteinase-activated receptors types 1, 3, and 4 had no effects on equivalent short-circuit current in either airways or intestine. Expression of PAR2 in colon and airways was further confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. We postulate that these receptors play a significant role in the regulation of electrolyte transport, which might be important during inflammatory diseases of airways and intestine.